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In 2017, some of the deadliest natural catastrophes occurred. Storms that wreaked havoc, and natural disasters are rising even now. Most of these natural catastrophes cause damage to homes and structures. Typhoons and tornadoes have wreaked havoc on towns all over the world. This resulted in the creation of awareness about the need for better buildings that can withstand natural disasters.

Natural disaster proof houses

For the residents in homes of disaster-prone locations, a resilient house may be the difference between total property loss and a secure sanctuary. Through creative architectural designs, building a new house or purchasing a house, is key based on its ability to survive natural disasters.

The tsunami house in Camano Island – Washington state

The tsunami house in Camano island is a waterfront house build to resist tsunamis and storm surge.

Tsunami house
Figure 1: The tsunami house in Camano Island (Homedesignlover, 2019)(Homedesignlover, 2019)

The primary living part of the “Tsunami house”, which is five feet above the ground and built on pilings, can survive high waves. The bottom living room has breakaway walls built into it. Steel was employed in the building of this house, both inside and out, as well as laminate and coated formwork. The materials utilized for the house’s exterior are long-lasting and low-maintenance. The house’s windows are aluminum, while the inside features machined polished steel parts. The steel staircase ensures the safety of the corridor as well. Moreover, clear glass overhead doors lead to the waterside terrace on the north side, while translucent overhead doors lead to the entry courtyard on the south side, providing privacy from the road. The property is just 50 feet deep, necessitating a 10-foot-wide above-ground drain that filters sand.

The survival house in Alabama

Natural disaster proof, Survival home
Figure 2 the survival house in Alabama (Gong. A, 2017)

Students from the University of Alabama built the survival home. This is a solar-powered house with a steel safer room that can survive the effects of natural disasters such as hurricanes.

Steel: Is is a good natural disaster resisting material?

Steel construction material
Figure 3: Steel as a natural disaster resisting material (Bretts, n.d.)

Steel is a durable material with a high strength-to-weight ratio. It is a widely used construction material. However, the quality of steel is increasingly visible to be beneficial as a material for creating natural disaster-resistance dwellings. This is also an environmentally friendly and cost-effective material.

As an external material, steel can endure forces up to one hundred and fifty kilometers per hour with zero damage. This is an even more effective material when combined with concrete. This is because it provides increased stiffness, and, agility that require to survive damage that may occur from natural disasters.  Steel ensures that the home remains stable in the face of wind, waves, and even earthquakes.

There is no such thing as a perfectly natural disaster-proof construction. However, steel may provide a great lot of security and aid in mitigating Mother Nature’s devastating effects. This will not only protect the house, but also the lives of its residents. 

several other natural disaster resistant building materials

Lead rubber bearings:

this is one of the most commonly used goods in these isolating bases. It is because they are both rigid and sturdy, allowing them to hold a structure vertically. They are also incredibly adaptable, allowing the building to remain intact while the foundation absorbs the entire force.

Reinforced glass:

these thick and laminated glasses offers great protection to the building even though it is costly. It is also capable of withstanding winds of up to 250 miles per hour.

Trusses:

designed to support the heat of a building, trusses are diagonally formed parts that fit into specific locations of the mainframe of the structure.

Shear walls:

Vertically applied hear walls strengthens a building in the event of an earthquake. It’s one of the most tried-and-true methods of construction to survive earthquakes in the past.

Tie-down straps:

Acquiring and installing tie-down straps intended to give improved security when it comes to keeping the roof intact is a terrific option for structures in strong wind zones. However, in the present day, it is more improved. We place it to secure the roof down to the building’s foundation, rather than only connecting it to the support beams.

Hip roofs:

Hip roofs have their ends and sides angled. This makes them more aerodynamic and hence more resistant to damaging winds.

Invisibility cloak:

this is an actual recent innovation although it sounds like something from the fictional story “Harry Potter”. This novel substance helps to make structures more earthquake resistant. It is accomplished by burying specific rings beneath the structure’s surface. This acts to compress and absorb vibration from the ground (earthquakes), allowing them to pass through without harming the structure.

Flexible pipes:

Rigid, solid pipes tend to flex and shatter during an natural disasters such as earthquake, potentially inflicting more than simply structural damage. That is why flexible pipes are best for structures in earthquake regions since they will bend and move with the structure rather than break off when faced with resistance. Furniture anchors: although this product sounds simple, it is a very effective product especially in times of earthquakes. You must strap heavy furniture to the wall to prevent them from toppling and potentially inflicting more harm.

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