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Every year, several people gets injured while working in a construction site. Of course, this is due to the heavy-duty machinery and tools used in the construction process. Some types of equipment used in the construction sites are as follows,

Construction vehicles: The primary function of such vehicles is to lift or move building materials from one location to another. Tippers, trailers, tanks, and other vehicles fall under this category.

Construction equipment such as concrete mixtures, compactors, pavers, and road rollers are also construction vehicles that we commonly use within a construction site.

Earth-moving equipment: Groundwork, material handling, and digging, are all activities that these machines are designed to do. Excavators, graders, loaders, and skip loaders are just a few examples.

Many of these massive machines used on construction sites are unsafe and can injure people. As a result, employers must reduce safety concerns for construction workers, and workers must take several preventive precautions when working with heavy machinery.

Accidents that occur most frequently on a construction site

Falling from a height in the construction site

Construction site worker
Figure 1: Construction site worker (Unsplash, 2021).

A building’s construction workers must always climb vertical ladders. A sprained ankle following a fall from a great height is one of the most common injuries. It is a major hazard that can arise at any time on a building site.

Injuries can occur because of unstable working surfaces, restricted accessibility at high areas, the possibility of human mistakes, and the misuse or failure of safety equipment.

As a result, it is critical to correctly prepare the construction site and work processes, including risk assessments, good control over the work, and close monitoring from the construction site’s management.

Moving machinery and vehicles within the construction site

Construction vehicle
Figure 2: Construction site vehicle (Unsplash, 2021).

Most of the construction machinery and vehicles, such as overhead lifting machines, diggers, and fork lifters, have a high amount of traffic on a building site. This is due to the imbalanced movement of various types of equipment and vehicles.

Therefore, it is vital to create clearer paths for these vehicles to move freely within the site to increase the ease of movement.

collapses of buildings

There is always the possibility of a structure collapsing when old buildings are demolished. Trenches collapsing with employees within them is a typical incident in a construction site. This has the potential to cause significant harm or death.

About structural safety assessment of tall buildings:

Risk Of electronics

Figure 3: Electrician (Unsplash, 2021).

When electrical work takes place within the construction without expert assistance and in wet circumstances, there is a great danger of getting electrocuted.

This risk does not just limit to electricians. Workers who operate close to underground or above wires, or at a height near power lines, are also at risk.

Manually handling equipment in the construction site

Construction tools
Figure 4: Construction equipment (Unsplash, 2021).

Workers’ musculoskeletal diseases, repetitive motion injuries such as hand-arm vibration syndrome, and physical issues such as back injuries can occur by the frequent use of vibrating power tools and ground working equipment.
Furthermore, it is critical to guarantee that every worker who performs heavy lifting receives health and safety training.

Some other accidents may include falling objects from a height onto a worker, high noises causing, hearing disorders, burns, and more.

Ways to avoid construction site accidents

Although you ensure safety measures at the construction sites, it is important to understand that accidents can still occur. Protecting employees essentially provides them with proper information of the hazards that are likely to arise, as well as provides them with the necessary training and protective equipment to guarantee that they return home safely. 

site worker
Figure 5: worker safety (Unsplash, 2021).

Creating awareness and training: it is important that the employees create awareness of potential construction failures as well as preventative measures. Furthermore, instructions on how to use the various equipment and machinery must be provided by specialists to avoid accidents.

Use of good quality wearables (safety gears): If the safety equipment is of poor quality, the employees may still get hurt. Therefore, it is important that the safety gears are of good quality.  

Use of warning sites: most of the workers are aware of the risky situations within the site. Yet is important to add up warning sites as some workers may be careless about their surroundings.

Check for malfunctions in machinery and vehicles: If electrical equipment and construction trucks have technical problems, they might cause damage at unexpected times. As a result, it is critical to maintain a tight check on the machinery and vehicle maintenance.

Constant and effective communication: it is very important to follow effective and clear communication within construction sites. Some workers may not deliver critical information to the appropriate people if communication is weak. This might result in unintended consequences. Therefore, the use of communication devices like walky-talkies is a good practice. Use of fall protection: Falls are among the major causes of injury and death on construction sites. All personnel must follow fall prevention practices and use fall protection equipment.

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